Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) - Establishes minimum wage and overtime wage for non-exempt employees. FLSA is the main wage law. It sets federal minimum wage (many states have higher minimums) and requires time and one-half overtime pay for hourly employees who work more than 40 hours in a workweek. FLSA also limits the number of hours and type of duties that teens (child labor) can work.
FLSA also defines which employees are considered exempt and non-exempt for the purposes of carrying out the law. The law further addresses what work time needs to be paid, including: Waiting, on-call, training/meetings, travel time, as well as rest periods, meals, and breaks.
Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) - entitles employees who have worked at least 1,250 hours over 12 months, at location that employs 50 or more employees within a 75 mile radius; to take job-protected leave for specified family and medical reasons with continuation of group health insurance coverage under the same terms and conditions as if the employee had not taken leave. When employees request leave, the employer should listen for requests that would meet the FMLA requirements.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) - Prohibits employment discrimination against anyone at least 40 years of age in hiring, terminations, pay, training programs, promotions, wages, benefits, or other terms and conditions of employment. To discourage treating employees or applicants less favorably because of their age.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) - Prohibits job discrimination against qualified people with disabilities (i.e., those who can perform the job's essential functions with or without a reasonable accommodation). The law also requires an employer to provide reasonable accommodation to an employee or job applicant with a disability, unless doing so would cause "undue hardship" for the employer.
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